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Frequently Asked Questions - Paternity Test
As long as a child is not capable of making decisions, the mother is responsible for his/her protection. Genetic investigations in humans require the written consent of all persons involved. In order to avoid unlawfully violating the personal rights of minor children, we require the voluntary consent of the mother at the time of sample collection.
Paternity is never proven with probability of 100 %, but always with the "famous" 99.999 %. The reason for this is not that the test is flawless, but that it is an exclusion test. The probability is never 100 % due to the fact that in theory there is a minimal possibility that an untested, unrelated man cannot be excluded from paternity. Ideally, three samples (father, mother and child) are typed for a paternity analysis. If only the samples of the father and child are available (duo case), a paternity probability of <99.9 % can result. With the additional analysis of the mother's sample, a legally sufficient statement can be achieved in these cases. Paternity is considered "practically proven" if the probability is 99.9 % or more. In contrast, an exclusion of paternity is a fact which is 100 % accurate, and not subject to statistical calculation. Attention: The data concerning the accuracy of the test lose their validity if a close relative (e.g. brother, father...) is also a possible father. Such cases must be calculated with a special statistical evaluation, and we cannot guarantee a probability of >99.9 %. The analysis of the samples of all possible fathers would increase the significance of the test.
A test with samples from only the father and the child is feasible. In the duo case, however, a paternity probability <99.9 % can result. With the additional analysis of the mother's sample, a legally sufficient statement can be achieved in these cases.
In the case of minor children, a test without the mother's sample nevertheless requires the voluntary, written consent of the mother at the time of sample collection.
In order for an expert opinion to be legally recognized, sampling with an identity check by a neutral person is a condition. In addition, the laboratory must comply with certain conditions, which Microsynth adhere to. Our paternity testing service has been accredited according to EN ISO 17025 since March 2005 (assurance and traceability of standardized analytical methods) and Microsynth has been certified according to ISO 9001:2000 since June 2005.
Our laboratory has prepared many expert opinions on behalf of courts, or for use as evidence in a lawsuit.
The Federal Act on Genetic Testing of Human Beings has been in force since April 2007. This law stipulates that samples must be taken (with identity verification) in the laboratory or by a doctor.
The test examines only non-coding DNA segments (segments of DNA for which do not define biological functions) on different chromosomes. The analysis therefore does not contain any information about any genetic diseases or predispositions (hair color, size, eye color, etc.).
The oral mucosa cells required for the test contain the genetic material. In principle, our paternity test is possible immediately after birth.
For ethical reasons, Microsynth does not offer a prenatal paternity test. Sampling is associated with a risk for the developing child. Even if this risk is not very high, we do not believe it is justifiable to take this risk in order to "only" clarify the paternity.
As a private client, you determine the storage period for your samples. By law, we are obliged to archive the reports for 30 years. The employees of Microsynth AG are subject to professional secrecy according to StGB Art. 321. It therefore goes without saying that neither data nor samples are passed on to third parties for other purposes.